India jumps 12 spots to 130 in ease of doing business: WB
Washington: India now ranks 130 out of 189 countries in the ease of doing business, moving up 12 places from last year, according to a World Bank report.
"A forward movement of 12 spots in the ease of doing business by an economy of the size of India is a 'remarkable achievement," World Bank's Chief Economist and Senior Vice President Kaushik Basu said.
"For any big economy, a rank improvement of 12 is a remarkable achievement. Going from 142 in the world to 130, as India has done, is very good sign. It gives a good signal about the way things are moving in India," Basu told PTI in an interview as World Bank released its annual report 'Doing Business 2016' which is topped by Singapore, followed by New Zealand, Denmark, South Korea, Hong Kong, Britain and the US.
China is ranked 84 and Pakistan is at 138th place. Pakistan in fact has slipped 10 spots from 128 last year while China has moved six spots in a year from 90 since the last report.
The World Bank said India, which has a global ranking of 130, implemented two reforms during the past year.
For example, in starting a business, India eliminated the requirements for a paid-in minimum capital and a certificate to commence business operations, significantly streamlining the process for starting a business.
"What is significant about India is that they are in the middle of what appears to be a very, very ambitious process of reforms affecting a broad range of areas captured by the Doing Business indicators," Lopez Claros, Director of the Global Indicators Group World Bank, said during a conference call.
"My expectation, therefore, is that if this process continues, if it is sustained, and the authorities show the degree of determination which has been in evidence in the last year, then we could see substantial improvements in coming year," he said.
Observing that the potential to see kind of a rapid economic growth in India is very high, Claros said it has very favourable demographics, and to the extent that some of the bottlenecks that the Doing Business data identified in India are removed, the potential benefits could be quite large.
"And India being India, that is a large economy. This could have also international repercussions in terms of the impact on the global economy," he said.
Claros said there is a great deal of work underway in India to design a policy that will be modest and friendly.
"And the improvement that you have seen in India's Doing Business ranking this year is kind of an early recognition of these efforts, but more is coming," he added.
India stands for having made big strides toward better and more efficient business regulation. In 2004 it took 127 days to start a business in India. In 2005 this has been reduced to 29 days, the report said.
In India the establishment of debt recovery tribunals reduced nonperforming loans by 28 per cent and lowered interest rates on larger loans, suggesting that faster processing of debt recovery cases cut the cost of credit.
Research also shows that a badly designed tax system can be a big deterrent for businesses, it said.
In 2010, India established an online system for value added tax registration and replaced the physical stamp previously required with an online version.