Encounter killings: SC asks states to reply to NHRC plea
The Supreme Court today directed various states to file their replies on a plea of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) seeking direction for mandatorily giving information about any encounter killings in their respective jurisdiction for purposes of enquiry. A bench of Justices A M Sapre and R Banumathi directed the states should file their replies within eight weeks.
Advocate Shobha appearing for NHRC said some states have filed their replies but many of them were yet to do so.
She urged the bench to give these states the last opportunity to file their replies saying that the notices to state governments on the petition were issued in 2014. The NHRC in its plea has sought direction that the state governments and police authorities should continue to provide the information asked for by it in accordance with the guidelines and provisions of the Protection of Human Rights
Act, 1993, for probing the cases of encounter killings.
It has also sought direction that the state governments should not refuse to comply with the recommendations made by Commission.
The Commission said that due to apex court verdict of 2014 by which certain guidelines were framed, its role in such enquiries has virtually been nullified.
"The said guidelines which are made in sub-silentio, having not considered various mandatory provisions of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, circumscribe and completely abrogate the power conferred on NHRC by the Act, to enquire suo motu or on a petition presented to it by a victim or any person on his behalf into any complaint of violation of human rights by a public servant," the plea said.
It said that Section 12(a) of the Act makes a mandatory obligation upon the NHRC to inquire suo motu or on a petition presented to it by a victim, into the complaints of violation of human rights by a public servant.
It said the Commission has issued guidelines from time to time regarding the procedure to be adopted in cases of encounter killings.
"The latest guidelines were issued by the Commission in May 2010 which provided that an information of encounter killing should be given to NHRC within 48 hours after the incident and a second report along with the post-mortem report, Magisterial Enquiry Report and forensic report should be submitted to the Commission within three months," it said.
It said such provisions cannot be rendered redundant by the guidelines framed in the PUCL case.