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Eureka! NASA finds flowing water on Mars (Video)

Washington: In the first-ever definitive signs of the presence of liquid water -- and possibly life -- on the Red Planet, NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has captured strong evidence for seasonal flows of liquid
India TV News Desk September 29, 2015 9:02 IST
India TV News Desk

Washington: In the first-ever definitive signs of the presence of liquid water -- and possibly life -- on the Red Planet, NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has captured strong evidence for seasonal flows of liquid salty water on the Martian surface, scientists reported on Monday.

In a paper published in the journal Nature Geoscience, scientists looked at streaks that form on some slopes on Mars during warmer times of the year, having previously suspected they might be caused by flowing, salty water.

According to Alfred S. McEwen, professor of planetary geology at University of Arizona, the team has identified waterlogged molecules - salts of a type known as perchlorates - in readings from orbit.

"That's a direct detection of water in the form of hydration of salts. There pretty much has to have been liquid water recently present to produce the hydrated salt," Dr McEwen noted.

These dark, narrow, 100 meter-long streaks called recurring slope lineae flowing downhill on Mars are inferred to have been formed by contemporary flowing water.

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NASA also provided details of this major science during a news briefing at the James Webb Auditorium at NASA headquarters here.

Dark streaks from flow of briny liquid water on Mars

Nearly 4.5 billion years ago, Mars had six and a half times as much water as it does now and a thicker atmosphere.

Click to watch the Animation of Site of Seasonal Flows in Hale Crater, Mars

This animation simulates a fly-around look at one of the places on Mars where dark streaks advance down slopes during warm seasons, possibly involving liquid water. This site is within Hale Crater. The streaks are roughly the length of a football field.

But most of this water has disappeared into space and the reason is that Mars no longer has global magnetic fields, like on the Earth.

Dark, narrow streaks formed by seasonal water flow on modern-day Mars

The magnetic field protects the Earth's atmosphere against degradation from energy rich particles from the Sun.

Click below to watch "What Makes Liquid Water on Mars Possible?"