SC ban on BS-III vehicles deals Rs 600 cr blow to two-wheeler industry: report

India's two-wheeler industry suffered an estimated loss of Rs 600 crore due to heavy discount to customers after the Supreme Court ordered a ban on sale of non-BS IV compliant vehicles.
SC ban on BS-III vehicles deals Rs 600 cr blow to... Source: REPRESENTATIVE IMAGE
India TV Business Desk New Delhi 02 May 2017, 04:37 PM IST

India's two-wheeler industry suffered an estimated loss of Rs 600 crore due to heavy discount to customers after the Supreme Court ordered a ban on sale of non-BS IV compliant vehicles, a report said.

The apex court on March 29 banned the sale and registration of Bharat Stage III category vehicles or those not compliant with Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) emission norms from April 1. The step was taken due to concerns on vehicular emission.

Following the ban, two-wheeler majors, such as Hero MotoCorp, Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India offered heavy discounts of up to Rs 12,500 on such models for three days to liquidate stocks.

Also Read: Supreme Court bans sale of BS-III vehicles from April 1

The major chunk of the loss is expected to be borne by the Original Equipment Makers (OEMS) even as retro-fitment of the unsold vehicles to make them BS IV-compliant is also an alternative, the report by ratings firm ICRA has said.

"The total loss for the two-wheeler industry on account of the discounts offered during March 30-31, 2017 is estimated to be around Rs 600 crore, sizeable share of which would be borne by the OEMs," Senior Group Vice-President at ICRA Subrata Ray said in the report.

The BS norms are emission standards imposed on automobile manufacturers which specify the maximum permissible limits for pollutants in the exhaust fumes of automobiles.

Also Read: Ban on sale of BS-III vehicles: 5 reasons why SC order comes as a jolt to the auto sector 

BS IV emission norms, while tightening the emission limits on existing pollutants, also introduced limits on additional pollutants like nitrogen oxides.

The SC ban triggered heavy discounts across the country as auto dealers, including those selling two-wheelers, looked to clear stocks.
As many as 6.71 lakh two-wheelers, out of over 8 lakh BS-III vehicles, were impacted by the ban. The dealers tried to clear the BS-III inventory as fast as possible by offering massive discounts.

Tha ban came just a few months after the Centre's demonetisation drive, which had adversly impacted the sale of two-wheelers. 

"The resultant discount-induced fire-sales are likely to suppress the fourth-quarter earnings of automobile OEMs, and in particular two-wheeler OEMs," ICRA said.

Also Read: Hero, Honda offer discounts of up to Rs 12,500 on BS-III models after SC diktat

ICRA also estimates that the costs associated with the heavy discounting during the March 30-31 period would have a 150-165 bps impact on the operating profitability of two- wheeler OEMs during the fourth quarter of the last fiscal.

India, which had been following the BS III emission regime from 2010, shifted to BS IV norms for all new two- wheelers from April 1, 2016 and was required to do so for all existing vehicles from April 1, 2017.

The major change in a two-wheeler on migration to BS IV norms would be the inclusion of carbon canisters to control evaporative emissions, the report said.

The other changes like tightening on limits of different pollutants would be met through optimisation of the combustion process and increasing the volume and surface area of catalyst used in the catalytic converter, it added.

(With PTI inputs)

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