How food allergy is linked to anxiety disorders in children?

Children with food allergies are more to anxiety-related disorders.
food allergy anxiety disorders - India TV
India TV Lifestyle Desk New Delhi 30 Jun 2017, 11:34 AM IST

Are you suffering from anxiety issues? Then your food allergy can be a reason behind it! Yes, a recent research has shown that children with food allergy had a significantly higher prevalence of childhood anxiety than others. Food allergies were not linked with symptoms of childhood depression or with symptoms of anxiety among their caregivers. The team of doctors analysed 80 pediatric patients aged between 4 and 12 years, eight years on an average, with and without food allergies and their caregivers from urban pediatric outpatient clinics in the Bronx, New York. 

They checked for asthma in children, as anxiety disorders are more common among youth suffering from asthma. It occurs more in low socioeconomic minority children. Among the children with food allergy, 57 per cent were reported to have symptoms of anxiety as compared to 57 per cent others who didn’t have any food allergy. Nearly 48 per cent of kids had symptoms of depression with or without a food allergy. 

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"Management of food allergy can be expensive both in terms of food shopping, meal preparation, and the cost of epinephrine auto-injectors, which expire annually. These demands could result in higher levels of anxiety for those with fewer financial resources and further heighten anxiety symptoms in children and their caregivers," said Renee Goodwin, PhD, in the Department of Epidemiology at the Mailman School of Public Health and lead author.

The results suggest that food allergy is particularly linked to elevated social anxiety and fear of social rejection and humiliation.

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Dr. Goodwin, noted, "There are a number of possible explanations for the relationship found between food allergy diagnosis and increased social anxiety issues in this sample of pediatric patients. Management of a potentially life-threatening condition may be anxiety provoking, and some children may experience increased social anxiety about being "different" from other children depending on their age and how food allergy is managed by adults in a particular setting."

The researchers also point out a possible explanation for not finding a link between food allergy and depression in children.The sample was young, and the mean age of onset for depression is significantly later than anxiety.

"It would be worthwhile to examine these relationships among older adolescents and young adults with food allergy who are at the peak of risk for depression onset, especially because early anxiety is associated with increased risk for subsequent onset of depression," said Jonathan Feldman, PhD, professor of Psychology at Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University.

Dr. Goodwin concluded by saying, ""With the high prevalence of food allergies today, education in schools remains a priority. Given the strong association between food allergy and social anxiety in children future investigations on the food allergy-mental health relationship are also warranted in clinical, school, and community-based settings which could aid in the development of interventions."

The study was published in journal Pediatrics.

(With ANI Inputs) 

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